When it came time to wean calves from their mothers, several things happened. First, you separated the bull calves from the heifers. The bulls were castrated. The calves were marked and branded and then put together in another pasture behind the cow pen.
The cows were turned out into the main pasture, and there were two fences between the calves and their mothers. It took from daylight to almost dark, plus five cowboys to get this done. As assistant manager of the Double F, it was my job to see the calves and cows stayed apart until they got over being weaned.